In the IB Primary Years Programme (PYP) Mathematics is ‘viewed as a vehicle to support inquiry, providing a global language through which we make sense of the world around us. It is intended that students become competent users of the language of mathematics and can begin to us it as a way of thinking, as opposed to seeing it as a series of facts and equations to be memorised.’ (PYP Mathematics Scope and Sequence, p1, IBO 2009)
The Year 3 – 4 Mathematics program addresses the areas of understanding, fluency, problem solving and reasoning and they are an integral part of mathematics content across the three content strands: Number and Algebra, Measurement and Geometry, and Statistics and Probability. The students are taught mathematical concepts in meaningful contexts and their understanding is enriched through hands-on activities, using and exploring concrete materials and involvement in games.
The focus is to develop confidence and extend skills and understandings of all concepts including:
- place value of whole numbers up to 100,000
- the four processes of addition, subtraction, multiplication and division
- measure, estimate, order and compare length
- read time
- recognise angles
- measure volume, capacity and temperature.
Students are encouraged to explore three dimensional shapes, patterns, directional language and to use maps, graphs and tables. They investigate methods of collecting, sorting, organising and presenting data. Students further develop their range of prediction and problem solving skills during cooperative group sessions. Open-ended questions are used to allow children to explore concepts at their own level.